Differential expression of parietal epithelial cell and podocyte extracellular matrix proteins in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and diabetic nephropathy

Gek Cher Chan, Diana G. Eng, Jeffrey H. Miner, Charles E. Alpers, Kelly Hudkins, Anthony Chang, Jeffrey W. Pippin, Stuart J. Shankland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In healthy glomeruli, parietal epithelial cell (PEC)-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins include laminin-β1, perlecan, and collagen type IV-α2 and podocyte-specific ECM proteins include laminin-β2, agrin, and collagen type IV-α4. This study aimed to define individual ECM protein isoform expression by PECs in both experimental and human focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and diabetic nephropathy (DN) and to determine if changes were CD44 dependent. In experimental FSGS induced with a cytotoxic podocyte antibody and in the BTBR ob/ob mouse model of DN, PEC-derived protein staining was significantly increased in PECs. Dual staining also showed de novo expression of the podocyte-specific ECM proteins laminin-β2 and agrin in PECs. Similar findings were observed in biopsies from patients with FSGS and DN. Increases in individual ECM proteins colocalized with CD44 in PECs in disease. To determine the role of CD44, FSGS was induced in CD44-/- and CD44+/+ mice. PEC staining for perlecan, collagen type IV-α2, laminin-β2, and agrin were significantly lower in diseased CD44-/- mice compared with diseased CD44+/+ mice. These results show that in experimental and human FSGS and DN, PECs typically in an activated state, produce both PEC-derived and podocyte-specific ECM protein isoforms, and that the majority of these changes were dependent on CD44.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F1680-F1694
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume317
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • CD44
  • Extracellular matrix protein
  • Glomerular disease
  • Parietal epithelial cell
  • Podocyte

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