Differential effects of GTP on the coupling of β-adrenergic receptors to adenylate cyclase from frog and turkey erythrocytes application of new methods for the analysis of receptor-effector coupling

Lee E. Limbird, Andre DeLean, Anne R. Hickey, Linda Joy Pike, Robert J. Lefkowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

A detailed comparison of the interaction of β-adrenergic receptors with adenylate cyclase stimulation and modification of this interaction by guanine nucleotides has been made in two model systems, the frog and turkey erythrocyte. Objective analysis of the data was facilitated by the development of new graphical methods which involve the use of logit-logit transformations of percent receptor occupancy versus percent enzyme stimulation plots (coupling curves). Receptor-cyclase coupling in turkey erythrocyte membranes demonstrates a proportional relationship between receptor occupancy and adenylate cyclase activation and is unaffected by exogenous guanine nucleotides. By comparison, the proportional relationship of receptor occupancy and adenylate cyclase activation observed in frog erythrocyte membranes in the absence of guanine nucleotides is modified by the addition of exogenous guanine nucleotides such that a greater fractional enzyme stimulation is elicited by low receptor occupancy. Methodological criteria crucial for valid comparison of receptor occupancy and adenylate cyclase activity are delineated. In addition, the possible molecular mechanisms of receptor-cyclase coupling which might give rise to the coupling curves observed are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-314
Number of pages17
JournalBBA - General Subjects
Volume586
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 22 1979
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • (Data analysis, Erythrocyte)
  • Adenylate cyclase
  • Catecholamine
  • Guanyl nucleotide
  • Receptor-effector coupling
  • β-Adrenergic receptor

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