Differential effects of ACE and AT1 receptor inhibition on chemoattractant and adhesion molecule synthesis

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Abstract

Ureteral obstruction causes infiltration of the kidney by monocytes/macrophages. This infiltrate is significantly reduced by administration of an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor but not by a specific angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1 receptor) antagonist. Chemoattractants and cell surface adhesive molecules mediate monocyte/macrophage infiltration. Rats with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) of 1, 3, or 5 days duration were untreated or given enalapril or SC- 51316 in the drinking water. We measured the mRNA levels of monocyte chemoatactic peptide 1 (MCP-1), a chemoattractant, and levels of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), two cell surface adhesion proteins. MCP-1 mRNA increased significantly after 1 day of UUO and increased further through 5 days of UUO in the obstructed kidney. ICAM-1 mRNA also increased significantly after 1 day but steadily declined through 5 days of UUO in the obstructed kidney. VCAM-1 mRNA did not increase significantly until after 3 days of UUO and increased further through 5 days of obstruction. Enalapril or SC-51316 treatment had no significant effect on ICAM-1 mRNA levels. MCP-1 mRNA levels were reduced but remained significantly elevated. Enalapril significantly blunted the increase in VCAM-1 mRNA levels and VCAM-1 protein determined by immunocytochemistry; SC-51316 had no significant effect. Thus changes in VCAM-1 levels may account for the differential effect of enalapril and SC- 51316 on monocyte/macrophage infiltration of the kidney during ureteral obstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F580-F586
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume274
Issue number3 43-3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1998

Keywords

  • Angiotensin- converting enzyme receptor
  • Monocyte/macrophage infiltration
  • Obstructive nephropathy

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