The uptake of exogenously administered radiolabeled polyamines by a rat prostate-derived tumor line, the Dunning R3327 MAT-Lu, and various normal tissues was studied. Pretreatment of tumor cells in vitro with α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a polyamine synthesis inhibitor, resulted in a markedly enhanced uptake of both [14C]putrescine and [14C]spermidine. The in vitro uptake of [14C]putrescine by these cells was effectively inhibited by unlabeled spermine, spermidine, 1,8-diaminooctane, 1,7-dia-minoheptane, 1,6-diaminohexane, 1,5-diaminopentane, 1,4-dia-minopentane, and 1,4-diaminobutane, but less effectively by 1,4-diamino-2,3-butene and 1,4-diamino-2,3-butyne. The diamines, 1,3-diaminopropane and 1,2-diaminoethane, were ineffective in inhibiting [14C]putrescine uptake in vitro into the R3327 MAT-Lu cell line. When tumor-bearing animals were pretreated with DFMO or with DFMO and 5-α -dihydrotestosterone propionate, the tumor and prostate uptake of [14C]putrescine and [14C]-cadaverine was enhanced but not substantially increased in other tissues. In contrast to the in vitro results, spermidine and spermine were not enhanced substantially by DFMO pretreatment into any tissue, and their uptake into the tumor actually decreased. Ethylenediamine, which does not utilize the polyamine transport system, did not have its uptake increased into any tissue following DFMO pretreatment. The chemotherapeutic agent, methylglyoxal bis(guanylhydrazone), which utilizes the polyamine transport system for uptake into cells, exhibited uptake behavior different from that of the polyamines. Thus, methylglyoxal bis(guanylhydrazone) uptake into the tumor was not significantly increased or decreased by DFMO or by DFMO + 5-α -dihydrotestosterone propionate pretreatment, and only the ventral, but not the dorsal-lateral, lobe of the prostate showed increased uptake of methylglyoxal bis(guanylhydrazone) following DFMO + 5-α -dihydrotestosterone propionate pretreatment.
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|Published - Mar 1 1984