Different forms of rat β-glucuronidase with rapid and slow clearance following intravenous injection: Selective serum enhancement of slow clearance forms by organophosphate compounds

Philip Stahl, Brian Mandell, Jane Somsel Rodman, Paul Schlesinger, Stanley Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Paraoxon and diisopropylfluorophosphate elicit a massive, selective increase in serum β-glucuronidase but not other lysosomal enzymes. The response is not blocked by atropine nor mimicked by neostigmine or carbachol. It is therefore not cholinergically mediated. Removal of the liver, by evisceration, abolishes the response suggesting a role for liver in mediating the organophosphate effect. β-Glucuronidase isolated by affinity chromatography from sera of organophosphate treated rats is catalytically similar to rat liver β-glucuronidase while having a lower isoelectric point. Following intravenous injection, purified rat liver microsomal and lysosomal β-glucuronidase are rapidly cleared from the circulation (t 1 2 = 7 min). In contrast, β-glucuronidase isolated from sera of organophosphate treated rats has a much slower clearance (t 1 2 = 47 min). Removal of the liver, by evisceration, severely reduces the clearance of all the enzyme preparations. Competition experiments with asialofetuin and asialoorosomucoid suggest that liver receptors for asialoglycoproteins do not mediate clearance of β-glucuronidase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-546
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume170
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - 1975

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