Differences in physician and patient ratings of items used to assess hip disorders

Robroy L. Martin, Nicholas G. Mohtadi, Marc R. Safran, Michael Leunig, Hal D. Martin, Joseph McCarthy, Carlos A. Guanche, Bryan T. Kelly, J. W.Thomas Byrd, John C. Clohisy, Marc J. Philippon, Jon K. Sekiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine what issues are important to active individuals with hip lesions and to assess whether these issues are different from those that surgeons think are important. Hypothesis: A discrepancy will be noted between what patients and surgeons believe to be important. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: This study comprised 150 consecutive patients (73 men, 77 women) from the international practices of 9 orthopaedic surgeons specializing in the management of hip disorders. All participants were seeking treatment for musculoskeletal hip disease. Average patient age was 42 ± 11 years (range, 18-60). Patients and surgeons rated the importance of 146 potential hip outcome assessment items on a 6-point Likert-type scale. Results: Of the 23 items identified as being important to patients, 16 were in the sports and recreation category. The top 11 items that the clinicians thought were most important were rated significantly lower by patients (P <.0005). Specifically, surgeons rated several items as being important that fell into the symptoms, functional limitations, and occupational issues categories, whereas patients did not. That is, a difference was found between patients and clinicians in how they rated items related to symptoms, functional limitations, and occupation (P <.01). A difference was not found between patients and surgeons in how they rated items related to sports and recreation and social-emotional lifestyle (P >.01). Conclusion: The hypothesis of this study was affirmed: a discrepancy was found between what issues patients believe are important and what surgeons perceive as being important to patients. This information may be particularly important when assessing treatment outcomes from a patient's perspective. Clinicians must be careful in presuming that the issues that they are attempting to improve with treatment are issues that are important to patients. These findings also emphasize the importance of discussing appropriate postoperative expectations for those considering surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1508-1512
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume37
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2009

Keywords

  • Instrument
  • Outcome
  • Patient perspective
  • Questionnaire
  • Self-report

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