Background Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is associated with the worst prognosis among low-grade B-cell lymphomas. While cutaneous involvement by nodal or systemic MCL is uncommon, its differentiation from primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (CBCL) or cutaneous involvement by other extra-cutaneous BCL is challenging as neither histomorphology nor immunophenotype can be absolutely specific. We analyzed the diagnostic utility of SOX11 immunohistochemistry in differentiating secondary cutaneous MCL from other low-grade CBCL. Methods Immunohistochemical staining with anti-SOX11 antibody was performed on 8 cases of secondary cutaneous MCL, 16 secondary cutaneous CLL, 20 primary cutaneous MZL, 12 cutaneous FCL (6 primary, 6 secondary), 7 primary cutaneous DLBCL, leg type, 5 systemic DLBCL and 3 B-ALL. SOX11 and cyclin D1 staining were compared in secondary cutaneous MCL. Results Nuclear SOX11 staining was seen in seven of eight cases (88%) of secondary cutaneous MCL, including a case with minimal cyclin D1 expression. All other CBCL lacked detectable nuclear SOX11 expression. The sensitivity and specificity for SOX11 in MCL were 87.5 and 100%, respectively. Both the sensitivity and specificity for combined SOX11 and cyclin D1 immunohistochemistry were 100%. Conclusion SOX11 immunohistochemistry could be a useful adjunct in distinguishing secondary cutaneous MCL from other CBCL.
- cutaneous B-cell lymphomas
- mantle cell lymphoma