Diagnostic renal mass biopsy is associated with individual categories of PADUA and RENAL nephrometry scores: Analysis of diagnostic and concordance rates with surgical resection

Ricardo B. Fonseca, Melissa M. Straub Hogan, Meghan E. Kapp, Frances Cate, Alice Coogan, Sandeep Arora, Jennifer Gordetsky, Woodson W. Smelser, Peter E. Clark, Justin Cates, Giovanna A. Giannico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Renal mass biopsy (RMB) is a safe and accurate method for diagnosis and clinical management of renal masses. However, the non-diagnostic rate is a limiting factor. We tested the hypothesis that imaging characteristics and anatomic complexity of the mass may impact RMB diagnostic outcome using the preoperative aspects and dimensions used for an anatomical (PADUA) classification and radius-exophytic/endophytic-nearness-anterior/posterior-location (RENAL) score. Material and methods: Single institution, retrospective study of 490 renal masses from 443 patients collected from 2001 to 2018. Outcome measurements include (1) diagnostic and concordance rates amongst RMB types and RMB with surgical resection specimens; (2) association between diagnostic RMB and anatomical complexity of renal masses. The analysis was conducted in unselected masses and small renal masses (SRMs). Results: RMB was performed by fine needle aspiration (FNA), core needle biopsy (CNB), or both (FNA+CNB). Non-diagnostic rate was significantly higher for FNA compared to CNB and FNA+CNB in both unselected and SRMs. Subset analysis in the FNA+CNB group showed similar diagnostic rates for FNA and CNB. In unselected masses, specificity for FNA, CNB, and FNA+CNB was 100%. Sensitivity was higher for CNB (90.1%, P = 0.002) and FNA+CNB (96.3%, P = 0.004) compared to FNA (66.7%). For unselected masses, endophytic growth predicted a non-diagnostic CNB. R.E.N.A.L location entirely between the polar lines (central) and entirely above the upper polar line predicted a diagnostic CNB. Sonography-guidance predicted a diagnostic FNA. For SRMs, non-diagnostic CNB was associated with endophytic growth, while diagnostic CNB was associated with renal sinus invasion and operator experience. More cystic masses were sampled by FNA, but diagnostic results were similar for FNA and CNB. Conclusions: Endophytic growth consistently predicted a non-diagnostic CNB in unselected and SRMs, whereas sonography-guidance predicted a diagnostic FNA. Cystic masses could be adequately sampled by FNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371.e7-371.e15
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Core needle biopsy
  • Fine needle aspiration
  • Kidney neoplasms
  • Renal mass
  • Renal mass biopsy

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