A prospective, randomized, physician-blinded study was conducted to determine whether a smaller dose of low-osmolar, nonionic contrast medium can provide diagnostic information on excretory urograms equivalent to that obtained with higher doses of ionic and nonionic contrast agents. One hundred fifty adult patients who underwent excretory urography received a high-dose ionic contrast medium (diatrizoate sodium), high-dose nonionic contrast medium (iohexol), or low-dose nonionic contrast medium (iohexol). All urograms were scored for diagnostic quality. No difference in urographic quality was detected among the different doses of contrast media. The lower dose of low-osmolar nonionic contrast medium provided equivalent diagnostic information. The quality of the nephrotomograms, ureteral image, and overall image was slightly greater with diatrizoate than with a small dose of iohexol, but the difference was not significant. This study suggests that excretory urograms obtained in relatively healthy, well-prepared patients with smaller, less expensive doses of a nonionic contrast agent are at least diagnostically equivalent to those obtained with typical higher doses of ionic and nonionic agents.
|Number of pages
|Published - Mar 1992
- Contrast media, comparative studies
- Cost effectiveness
- Kidney, radiography, 81.1221
- Urography, contrast media, 81.1221