Diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia: An official American thoracic society clinical practice guideline

Adam J. Shapiro, Stephanie D. Davis, Deepika Polineni, Michele Manion, Margaret Rosenfeld, Sharon D. Dell, Mark A. Chilvers, Thomas W. Ferkol, Maimoona A. Zariwala, Scott D. Sagel, Maureen Josephson, Lucy Morgan, Ozge Yilmaz, Kenneth N. Olivier, Carlos Milla, Jessica E. Pittman, M. Leigh Anne Daniels, Marcus Herbert Jones, Ibrahim A. Janahi, Stephanie M. WareSam J. Daniel, Matthew L. Cooper, Lawrence M. Nogee, Billy Anton, Tori Eastvold, Lynn Ehrne, Elena Guadagno, Michael R. Knowles, Margaret W. Leigh, Valery Lavergne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Background: This document presents the American Thoracic Society clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). Target Audience: Clinicians investigating adult and pediatric patients for possible PCD. Methods: Systematic reviews and, when appropriate, meta-Analyses were conducted to summarize all available evidence pertinent to our clinical questions. Evidence was assessed using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach for diagnosis and discussed by amultidisciplinary panelwith expertise in PCD. Predetermined conflict-of-interest management strategies were applied, and recommendations were formulated, written, and graded exclusively by the nonconflicted panelists. Three conflicted individuals were also prohibited from writing, editing, or providing feedback on the relevant sections of the manuscript. Results: After considering diagnostic test accuracy, confidence in the estimates for each diagnostic test, relative importance of test results studied, desirable and undesirable direct consequences of each diagnostic test, downstream consequences of each diagnostic test result, patient values and preferences, costs, feasibility, acceptability, and implications for health equity, the panel made recommendations for or against the use of specific diagnostic tests as compared with using the current reference standard (transmission electron microscopy and/or genetic testing) for the diagnosis of PCD. Conclusions: The panel formulated and provided a rationale for the direction as well as for the strength of each recommendation to establish the diagnosis of PCD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e24-e39
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 2018


  • Diagnosis
  • Kartagener syndrome
  • Nitric oxide
  • Primary ciliary dyskinesia
  • Situs inversus


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