Diagnosis of pouch disorders: Histology

David Hernandez Gonzalo, Xiuli Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the standard restorative procedure after proctocolectomy in patients with ulcerative colitis who require colectomy for their diseases. Due to the significant anatomic alterations induced by surgery, ileal pouch is susceptible to a variety of insults including mechanic, ischemia, fecal stasis, infectious agents, the development of idiopathic inflammatory pouch disease, and the recurrence of underlying inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In addition, neoplasia may arise from ileal pouch. Although clinical, endoscopic, and radiographic examinations diagnose many ileal pouch diseases, histologic examination still plays an essential role in the diagnosis and management of these diseases, particularly in antibiotic-refractory chronic pouchitis and pouch neoplasia. Our knowledge of pouch diseases has been greatly expanded in recent years and it forms the basis of this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPouchitis and Ileal Pouch Disorders
Subtitle of host publicationA Multidisciplinary Approach for Diagnosis and Management
PublisherElsevier
Pages199-212
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780128094020
ISBN (Print)9780128096291
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Irritable pouch syndrome
  • Pouch disorders
  • Pouch prolapse
  • Pouchitis

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