Diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep apnea in the perioperative setting

Patrick G. Lyons, Babak Mokhlesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic prevalent condition which may be under-recognized in surgical populations. Patients with OSA may be at increased perioperative risk, in part due to the effects sedatives and anesthetics have on upper airway tone and respiratory drive. A growing amount of data suggests that OSA patients have increased odds for adverse postoperative outcomes including intensive care unit transfer, respiratory failure, arrhythmias, and cardiac ischemia. Several screening tools have been developed to identify patients at risk for OSA preoperatively, but it remains to be seen whether routine implementation of these tools improves outcomes. In this review, we discuss the perioperative complications of OSA, the tools with which physicians can screen surgical patients, and the perioperative management of these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-581
Number of pages11
JournalSeminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2014


  • complications
  • continuous positive airway pressure
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • perioperative
  • postoperative
  • sleep-disordered breathing


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