Adult hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal requires precise control of protein synthesis, but fetal and adult HSCs have distinct self-renewal mechanisms and lineage outputs. This raises the question of whether protein synthesis rates change with age. Here, we show that protein synthesis rates decline during HSC ontogeny, yet erythroid protein synthesis rates increase. A ribosomal mutation that impairs ribosome biogenesis (Rpl24Bst/+) disrupts both fetal and adult HSC self-renewal. However, the Rpl24Bst/+ mutation selectively impairs fetal erythropoiesis at differentiation stages that exhibit fetal-specific attenuation of protein synthesis. Developmental changes in protein synthesis thus differentially sensitize hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells to impaired ribosome biogenesis.
- hematopoietic stem cell
- protein synthesis