Development of a tethered personal health record framework for early End-of-Life Discussions

Seuli Bose-Brill, Matthew Kretovics, Taylor Ballenger, Gabriella Modan, Albert Lai, Lindsay Belanger, Stephen Koesters, Taylor Pressler-Vydra, Celia Wills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Objectives: End-of-life planning, known as advance care planning (ACP), is associated with numerous positive outcomes, such as improved patient satisfaction with care and improved patient quality of life in terminal illness. However, patient-provider ACP conversations are rarely performed or documented due to a number of barriers, including time required, perceived lack of skill, and a limited number of resources. Use of tethered personal health records (PHRs) may help streamline ACP conversations and documentations for outpatient workflows. Our objective was to develop an ACP-PHR framework that would be for use in a primary care, outpatient setting. Study Design: Qualitative content analysis of focus groups and cognitive interviews (participatory design). Methods: A novel PHR-ACP tool was developed and tested using data and feedback collected from 4 patient focus groups (n = 13), 1 provider focus group (n = 4), and cognitive interviews (n = 22). Results: Patient focus groups helped develop a focused, 4-question PHR communication tool. Cognitive interviews revealed that, while patients felt framework content and workflow were generally intuitive, minor changes to content and workflow would optimize the framework. Conclusions: A focused framework for electronic ACP communication using a patient portal tethered to the EHR was developed. This framework may provide an efficient way to have ACP conversations in busy outpatient settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-418
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Managed Care
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2016


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