Development of a comprehensive cardiac atlas on a 1.5 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Linear Accelerator

Aronne M. Schottstaedt, Eric S. Paulson, Jason C. Rubenstein, Xinfeng Chen, Eenas A. Omari, X. Allen Li, Chris J. Schultz, Lindsay L. Puckett, Clifford G. Robinson, Filippo Alongi, Elizabeth M. Gore, William A. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background and purpose: The 1.5 Tesla (T) Magnetic Resonance Linear Accelerator (MRL) provides an innovative modality for improved cardiac imaging when planning radiation treatment. No MRL based cardiac atlases currently exist, thus, we sought to comprehensively characterize cardiac substructures, including the conduction system, from cardiac images acquired using a 1.5 T MRL and provide contouring guidelines. Materials and methods: Five volunteers were enrolled in a prospective protocol (NCT03500081) and were imaged on the 1.5 T MRL with Half Fourier Single-Shot Turbo Spin-Echo (HASTE) and 3D Balanced Steady-State Free Precession (bSSFP) sequences in axial, short axis, and vertical long axis. Cardiac anatomy was contoured by (AS) and confirmed by a board certified cardiologist (JR) with expertise in cardiac MR imaging. Results: A total of five volunteers had images acquired with the HASTE sequence, with 21 contours created on each image. One of these volunteers had additional images obtained with 3D bSSFP sequences in the axial plane and additional images obtained with HASTE sequences in the key cardiac planes. Contouring guidelines were created and outlined. 15–16 contours were made for the short axis and vertical long axis. The cardiac conduction system was demonstrated with eleven representative contours. There was reasonable variation of contour volume across volunteers, with structures more clearly delineated on the 3D bSSFP sequence. Conclusions: We present a comprehensive cardiac atlas using novel images acquired prospectively on a 1.5 T MRL. This cardiac atlas provides a novel resource for radiation oncologists in delineating cardiac structures for treatment with radiotherapy, with special focus on the cardiac conduction system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100504
JournalPhysics and Imaging in Radiation Oncology
StatePublished - Oct 2023


  • 1.5T MRL
  • Cardiac conduction system
  • Contouring guidelines
  • MRgRT
  • Radiation Oncology Cardiac Atlas


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