Development and validation of the Body, Eating, and Exercise Comparison Orientation Measure (BEECOM) among college women

Ellen E. Fitzsimmons-Craft, Anna M. Bardone-Cone, Megan B. Harney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We constructed and validated a measure of comparison dimensions associated with eating pathology, namely, the Body, Eating, and Exercise Comparison Orientation Measure (BEECOM). Participants were 441 undergraduate women. In Study 1, items were generated and refined via exploratory factor analysis, yielding three interpretable factors (i.e., Body, Eating, and Exercise Comparison Orientation). Confirmatory factor analysis was then used to confirm the three-factor structure of the BEECOM and to investigate the potential presence of a higher-order factor. Given that the lower-order factors loaded strongly onto a higher-order factor, it is appropriate to use a total BEECOM score, in addition to subscale scores. Further, the BEECOM's scores yielded evidence of internal consistency and construct validity in this sample. Study 2 demonstrated two-week test-retest reliability of the BEECOM among college women. Overall, the BEECOM demonstrated good psychometric properties and may be useful for more comprehensively assessing eating disorder-related social comparison behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-487
Number of pages12
JournalBody Image
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body dissatisfaction
  • Eating disorders
  • Factor analysis
  • Measure development
  • Social comparison

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