Developing a screening index for community studies of somatization disorder

Marvin Swartz, Dana Hughes, Linda George, Dan Blazer, Richard Landerman, Kathleen Bucholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the low prevalence of somatization disorder in the community, the section of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule used to make the diagnosis-as well as previous diagnostic interviews for the related diagnoses of hysteria, and Briquet's syndrome-is quite lengthy. This study evaluates a somatization disorder screening index derived from completed interviews from the NIMH sponsored Epidemiologic Catchment Area program. A screening index comprised of 11 symptoms of somatization was derived at the Duke ECA site and replicated across the Johns Hopkins, Yale, and Washington University sites. Across ECA sites a screening threshold of five of 11 symptoms correctly identified 41 of 42 respondents with DIS/DSM-III somatization disorder (97.6%) while correctly classifying 14,600 of 14,750 (99.0%) without the disorder. The screening index offers promise as a screening device for clinical and community studies of somatization disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-343
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

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