Developing a crosswalk between the RAND-12 and the health utilities index for multiple sclerosis

Ruth Ann Marrie, Brenden Dufault, Tuula Tyry, Gary R. Cutter, Robert J. Fox, Amber Salter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Researchers studying health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in multiple sclerosis (MS) can choose from many instruments, but findings from studies which use different instruments cannot be easily combined. We aimed to develop a crosswalk that associates scores from the RAND-12 to scores on the Health Utilities Index—Mark III (HUI3) in persons with MS. Methods: In 2018, participants in the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) registry completed the RAND-12 and the HUI3 to assess HRQOL. We used item-response theory (IRT) and equipercentile linking approaches to develop a crosswalk between instruments. We compared predicted scores for the HUI3 from each crosswalk to observed scores using Pearson correlations, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), and Bland–Altman plots. Results: Of 11,389 invited participants, 7129 (62.6%) responded. Predicted and observed values of the HUI3 from the IRT-linking method were moderately correlated (Pearson r = 0.76) with good concordance (ICC = 0.72). However, the Bland–Altman plots suggested biased prediction. Predicted and observed values from the equipercentile linking method were also moderately correlated (Pearson r = 0.78, ICC = 0.78). The Bland–Altman plots suggested no bias. Conclusion: We developed a crosswalk between the RAND-12 and the HUI3 in the MS population which will facilitate data harmonization efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1102-1110
Number of pages9
JournalMultiple Sclerosis Journal
Issue number9
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020


  • Multiple sclerosis
  • health utilities index
  • quality of life


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