Determination of planning target volume for whole stomach irradiation using daily megavoltage computed tomographic images

Matthew E. Johnson, Gisele C. Pereira, Issam M. El Naqa, S. Murty Goddu, Rawan Al-Lozi, Aditya Apte, David B. Mansur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Whole stomach radiation therapy is often used in the management of gastric lymphoma. However, very limited data exist with regard to planning target volume requirements for the whole stomach. This study retrospectively analyzed daily megavoltage computed tomographic (CT) scans of gastric lymphoma patients in order to help determine the interfraction variation of the stomach position. Methods and Materials: Forty-one daily megavoltage CT images from 3 gastric lymphoma patients were used for stomach contouring. Each patient's megavoltage CT images were rigidly registered to their CT simulation data sets, and the margin in each direction that covered at least 95% of the daily stomach volumes was computed using a simple grid search. Patient setup variation was also calculated from the daily patient shifts. The organ motion margin was then added to the setup margin to render the total margin. Results: A uniform margin of 2.2 cm is required to cover 95% of the stomach over the treatment course. However, direction-specific margins were observed from 1.72, 1.88, 0.92, 2.23, 1.90, and 0.86 cm for the right, left, posterior, anterior, superior, and inferior directions, respectively. Conclusions: The results of this study provide helpful 3-dimensional volumetric information to the limited existing data on margin requirements for whole stomach radiation therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e85-e88
JournalPractical Radiation Oncology
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

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