Determinants of mortality and multiorgan dysfunction in cardiac surgery patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation

M. H. Kollef, T. Wragge, C. Pasque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Scopus citations


Objectives: To identify characteristics associated with mortality and the development of multiorgan dysfunction in patients who had undergone cardiac surgery and required prolonged mechanical ventilation, ie, >48 h. Design: A prospective cohort study. Setting: Barnes Hospital, St. Louis, an academic tertiary care center. Patients or other participants: A total of 107 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery and requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation. Interventions: Prospective patient surveillance and data collection. Main outcome measures: ICU mortality and multiorgan dysfunction. Results: Among 472 consecutive patients admitted to the cardiac surgery ICU following surgery, 107 (22.7%) required prolonged mechanical ventilation. Twenty-one of these patients (19.6%) died during their hospitalization. In a logistic-regression analysis, the development of an organ system failure index (OSFI) of 3 or greater was the only characteristic independently associated with ICU mortality (p<0.001). The occurrence of an antibiotic-resistant infection (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=6.1, 95% confidence interval [CI]=2.5 to 14.6, p=0.006), an aortic cross-clamp time equal to or greater than 1.25 h (AOR=3.9, CI=2.3 to 6.8, p=0.016), the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia (AOR= 3.6, CI=2.4 to 5.3, p<0.001), and an APACHE III score equal to or greater than 30 (AOR=3.1, CI=1.8 to 5.3, p=0.036) were independently associated with the development of an OSFI of 3 or greater. Conclusions: These data confirm that acquired multiorgan dysfunction is the best predictor of mortality in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation following cardiac surgery. Additionally, they identify potential determinants of multiorgan dysfunction and suggest possible interventions for its reduction in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1395-1401
Number of pages7
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995


  • cardiac surgery
  • critical care
  • mechanical ventilation
  • multiorgan dysfunction
  • patient outcomes
  • ventilator-associated pneumonia

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