Design of a Multi-sensor optical surface scanner

Gulab H. Bhatia, Kirk E. Smith, Paul K. Commean, Jennifer J. Whitestone, Michael W. Vannier

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A reconfigurable, optical, 3D scanning system with sub-second acquisition of human body surface data was designed and simulated. Sensor elements (digital cameras/light beam projectors) that meet resolution, accuracy, and speed requirements are induded in the system design. The sensors are interfaced to video frame grabber(s) under computer control resulting in a modular, low cost system. System operation and data processing are performed using a desktop graphics workstation. Surface data collected with this system can be oversampled to improve resolution and accuracy (viewed by overlapping camera/projector pairs). Multi-resolution data can be collected for different surfaces simultaneously or separately. Modeling and calibration of this reconfigurable system are achieved via a robust optimal estimation technique. Reconstruction software that allows seamless merging of range data from multiple sensors has been implemented. Laser scanners that acquire body surface range data using one or two sensors require several seconds for data collection. Surface digitization of inanimate objects is feasible with such devices, but their use in human surface metrology is limited due to motion artifacts and ocduded surfaces. Use of multiple, independent active sensors providing rapid collection and multi-resolution data enable sampling of complex human surface morphology not otherwise practical. 3D facial surface data has provided accurate measurements useful in fadal/craniofadal plastic surgery and modem personal protective equipment systems. Whole body data obtained with this new system is applicable to human factors research, medical diagnosis/treatir. :t, and industrial design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-273
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Oct 6 1994
EventSensor Fusion VII 1994 - Boston, United States
Duration: Oct 31 1994Nov 4 1994


  • Anthropometry
  • Calibration
  • Multiple Sensors
  • Range Sensing


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