Design and synthesis of 1-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-1,3- dihydroisobenzofuran-5-carbonitrile (citalopram) analogues as novel probes for the serotonin transporter S1 and S2 binding sites

Ashwini K. Banala, Peng Zhang, Per Plenge, George Cyriac, Theresa Kopajtic, Jonathan L. Katz, Claus Juul Loland, Amy Hauck Newman

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The serotonin transporter (SERT) is the primary target for antidepressant drugs. The existence of a high affinity primary orthosteric binding site (S1) and a low affinity secondary site (S2) has been described, and their relation to antidepressant pharmacology has been debated. Herein, structural modifications to the N, 4, 5, and 4′ positions of (±)citalopram (1) are reported. All of the analogues were SERT-selective and demonstrated that steric bulk was tolerated at the SERT S1 site, including two dimeric ligands (15 and 51). In addition, eight analogues were identified with similar potencies to S-1 for decreasing the dissociation of [3H]S-1 from the S1 site via allosteric modulation at S2. Both dimeric compounds had similar affinities for the SERT S1 site (Ki = 19.7 and 30.2 nM, respectively), whereas only the N-substituted analogue, 51, was as effective as S-1 in allosterically modulating the binding of [3H]S-1 via S2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9709-9724
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume56
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 12 2013

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