Deriving a Measure of Social Recovery Capital From the Important People and Activities Instrument: Construction and Psychometric Properties

Meredith W. Francis, Jessica L. Bourdon, Grace Chan, Danielle M. Dick, Howard J. Edenberg, Chella Kamarajan, Sivan Kinreich, John Kramer, Sally I-Chun Kuo, Ashwini K. Pandey, Gayathri Pandey, Rebecca L. Smith, Kathleen K. Bucholz, Vivia V. McCutcheon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIM: This study presents a measure of Social Recovery Capital (SRC) derived from the Important People and Activities instrument (IPA). METHODS: The sample comprised young adults who participated in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism, a high-risk family study of alcohol use disorder (N = 2472). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis identified influential items and factor structure, adjusting for family relatedness. The final scale was tested for reliability and validity. RESULTS: Factor analysis retained 10 items loading on three factors (Network Abstinence Behaviors, Basic Network Structure and Network Importance) that together explained 42% of the variance in SRC. The total model showed adequate fit (Comparative Fit Index = 0.95; Tucker Lewis Index = 0.93; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation = 0.06; Standardized Root Mean Squared Residual = 0.05) and acceptable reliability (α = 0.60; McDonald's ω = 0.73) and correlated with validation measures mostly in the weak to moderate range. Due to variable factor scores for reliability and validity, we only recommend using the total score. CONCLUSION: The SRC-IPA is a novel measure of SRC derived from the IPA that captures social network data and has applications in research and clinical work. Secondary data analyses using the SRC-IPA in studies that collected the IPA can further demonstrate the interaction of SRC with a wide variety of clinical indicators and demographic characteristics, making it a valuable addition to other measures of SRC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-329
Number of pages8
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2022

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