Depression Is Transiently Increased in Patients Undergoing Two-Stage Revision Arthroplasty

Ryan J. Furdock, Bharadwaj Jilakara, Tyler J. Moon, Neelansh Bute, Lee Rhea, Douglas McDonald, Cara A. Cipriano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The implications of two-stage revision on mental health are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to determine (1) whether patients undergoing two-stage revision total hip and knee arthroplasty for prosthetic joint infection were more likely to get Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Depression scores consistent with major depressive disorder (MDD) than those undergoing aseptic revision and (2) whether these symptoms resolved after the procedure. Methods: Records of all 366 patients that underwent revision total hip or knee arthroplasty from January 1, 2015, – June 20, 2019, were reviewed. Forty-two patients were excluded for missing PROMIS Depression scores or incomplete treatment. Preoperative (<3 months), early postoperative (2-8 weeks), and final postoperative (6-18 months) Depression scores were collected. Patients crossing the PROMIS Depression threshold equivalent to a Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥10, indicative of MDD, were evaluated. Results: More two-stage revision patients developed Depression scores indicative of MDD perioperatively than the aseptic cohort (20.0% vs 6.5%, P = .01). Two-stage revision patients had higher (worse) median Depression scores preoperatively (54.8 vs 51.3, P = .04) and at early follow-up (54.3 vs 49.9, P = .01), but not at final follow-up (50.4 vs 49.1, P = .39). Across all patients, Depression scores improved by 2.4 points at early follow-up (95% confidence interval:1.1–3.7; P < .001) and 3 points at final follow-up (95% confidence interval:1.5-4.5; P < .001; minimal clinically important difference 3.0). Conclusions: Twenty percent of two-stage revision arthroplasty patients, compared to <7% of aseptic revision patients, developed PROMIS Depression scores consistent with MDD during treatment. At final follow-up, a clinically significant improvement in Depression scores from baseline was evident in both cohorts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
JournalArthroplasty Today
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Aseptic revision
  • Depression
  • Prosthetic joint infection
  • Revision arthroplasty


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