Depression and obstructive sleep apnea in patients with coronary heart disease

Robert M. Carney, William B. Howells, Kenneth E. Freedland, Stephen P. Duntley, Phyllis K. Stein, Michael W. Rich, Gregory E. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Depression is a risk factor for cardiac events in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is frequently comorbid with depression and is also a risk factor for cardiac events. Undetected OSAHS could help explain the increased risk associated with depression. METHODS: Medically stable patients with CHD and major (MD, n = 53), minor (md, n = 36), or no depression (ND, n = 43) were evaluated for 2 nights in a sleep medicine laboratory. RESULTS: The prevalence of OSAHS did not differ across groups (MD 66%, md 69%, ND 77%; p > .05). Patients with MD had a significantly greater frequency of apneic episodes, a significantly longer duration of apneas and hyponeas, and more oxygen desaturations per hour than those with md, but there were no differences between MD and ND in frequency of apneic episodes or oxygen desaturations. However, males with MD tended to have more obstructive episodes per hour than did ND males, whereas females with MD had fewer episodes than did ND females. Apnea duration was longer in patients with MD compared with patients with no ND. There was no difference in the mean duration of apnea per hour between the md and ND groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although OSAHS is not more common in depressed patients with CHD, MD is associated with longer obstructive sleep apneic episodes in both men and women and with a higher frequency of episodes in men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-448
Number of pages6
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2006

Keywords

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Depression
  • Sleep-disordered breathing

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