'Delivering' education; maintaining inequality. The case of children with disabilities in Afghanistan

Jean Francois Trani, Parul Bakhshi, Anand Nandipati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Education for children with disabilities in Afghanistan, particularly disabled girls, continues to lag behind despite laudable efforts of the Ministry of Education to promote universal access for all. The opportunity for education constitutes not just a means of achieving learning outcomes but also a space for social interaction, individual development and psychosocial support, which are paramount in Conflict-Affected Fragile States (CAFS). However, many persisting barriers still need to be overcome in Afghanistan to allow education for all and change negative attitudes towards education of children with disabilities. In this paper we argue that viewing education as a basic commodity, which is the widespread practice in CAFS, is not conducive to expanding human freedoms and capabilities. More specifically, through analyses of a national survey, we demonstrate that despite considerable resources, increasing access to education in Afghanistan has maintained processes of marginalisation of the already excluded.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-365
Number of pages21
JournalCambridge Journal of Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2012


  • capability approach
  • disabilities
  • education
  • prejudice
  • stigma


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