Purpose: Cardiac radiation is associated with cardiotoxicity in patients with thoracic and breast malignancies. We conducted a prospective study using cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to evaluate heart motion. We hypothesized that cine MRI could be used to define population-based cardiac planning organ-at-risk volumes (PRV). Methods and Materials: A total of 16 real-time acquisitions were obtained per subject on a 1.5 Tesla MRI (Philips Ingenia). Planar cine MRI was performed in 4 sequential sagittal and coronal planes at free-breathing (FB) and deep-inspiratory breath hold (DIBH). In-plane cardiac motion was assessed using a scale-invariant feature transformation–based algorithm. Subject-specific pixel motion ranges were defined in anteroposterior (AP), left-right (LR), and superoinferior (SI) planes. Averages of the 98% and 67% of the maximum ranges of pixel displacement were defined by subject, then averaged across the cohort to calculate PRV expansions at FB and DIBH. Results: Data from 20 subjects with a total of 3120 image frames collected per subject in coronal and sagittal planes at DIBH and FB, and 62,400 total frames were analyzed. Cohort averages of 98% of the maximum cardiac motion ranges comprised margin expansions of 12.5 ± 1.1 mm SI, 5.8 ± 1.2 mm AP, and 6.6 ± 1.0 mm LR at FB and 6.7 ± 1.5 mm SI, 4.7 ± 1.3 mm AP, and 5.3 ± 1.3 mm LR at DIBH. Margins for 67% of the maximum range comprised 7.7 ± 0.7 mm SI, 3.2 ± 0.6 mm AP, and 3.7 ± 0.6 mm LR at FB and 4.1 ± 0.9 mm SI, 2.7 ± 0.8 mm AP, and 3.2 ± 0.8 mm LR at DIBH. Subsequently, these margins were simplified to form PRVs for treatment planning. Conclusions: We implemented scale-invariant feature transformation-based motion tracking for analysis of the cardiac cine MRI scans to quantify motion and create cohort-based cardiac PRVs to improve cardioprotection in breast and thoracic radiation.