Defining and Analyzing the Problem

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

38 Scopus citations


This chapter discusses the first phase of behavioral intervention research, planning to address and analyzing a problem. We discuss the numerous ways problems can be identified and the role stakeholders play in the process. Three types of literature reviews are outlined as a foundation for researching a problem and understanding what has and has not been successful in trying to solve it. We provide step-by-step guidance on conducting narrative reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses as well as templates to develop review protocols, extract information from selected articles, and rate the research quality of each article.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBehavioral Intervention Research in Hospice and Palliative Care
Subtitle of host publicationBuilding an Evidence Base
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780128144497
ISBN (Print)9780128144503
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • literature review
  • meta-analysis
  • narrative review
  • Problem identification
  • systematic review


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