Deficiency in Galectin-3, -8, and -9 impairs immunity to chronic Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection but not acute infection with multiple intracellular pathogens

Huntly M. Morrison, Julia Craft, Rafael Rivera-Lugo, Jeffery R. Johnson, Guillaume R. Golovkine, Samantha L. Bell, Claire E. Dodd, Erik Van Dis, Wandy L. Beatty, Shally R. Margolis, Teresa Repasy, Isaac Shaker, Angus Y. Lee, Russell E. Vance, Sarah A. Stanley, Robert O. Watson, Nevan J. Krogan, Daniel A. Portnoy, Bennett H. Penn, Jeffery S. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Macrophages employ an array of pattern recognition receptors to detect and eliminate intracellular pathogens that access the cytosol. The cytosolic carbohydrate sensors Galectin-3, -8, and -9 (Gal-3, Gal-8, and Gal-9) recognize damaged pathogen-containing phagosomes, and Gal-3 and Gal-8 are reported to restrict bacterial growth via autophagy in cultured cells. However, the contribution of these galectins to host resistance during bacterial infection in vivo remains unclear. We found that Gal-9 binds directly to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (Stm) and localizes to Mtb in macrophages. To determine the combined contribution of membrane damage-sensing galectins to immunity, we generated Gal-3, -8, and -9 triple knockout (TKO) mice. Mtb infection of primary macrophages from TKO mice resulted in defective autophagic flux but normal bacterial replication. Surprisingly, these mice had no discernable defect in resistance to acute infection with Mtb, Stm or Listeria monocytogenes, and had only modest impairments in bacterial growth restriction and CD4 T cell activation during chronic Mtb infection. Collectively, these findings indicate that while Gal-3, -8, and -9 respond to an array of intracellular pathogens, together these membrane damage-sensing galectins play a limited role in host resistance to bacterial infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1011088
JournalPLoS pathogens
Volume19
Issue number6 June
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

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