Glaucoma is a major cause of blindness and vision impairment worldwide, and visual field (VF) tests are essential for monitoring the conversion of glaucoma. While previous studies have primarily focused on using VF data at a single time point for glaucoma prediction, there has been limited exploration of longitudinal trajectories. Additionally, many deep learning techniques treat the time-to-glaucoma prediction as a binary classification problem (glaucoma Yes/No), resulting in the misclassification of some censored subjects into the nonglaucoma category and decreased power. To tackle these challenges, we propose and implement several deep-learning approaches that naturally incorporate temporal and spatial information from longitudinal VF data to predict time-to-glaucoma. When evaluated on the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) dataset, our proposed convolutional neural network (CNN)-long short-term memory (LSTM) emerged as the top-performing model among all those examined. The implementation code can be found online (https://github.com/rivenzhou/VF_prediction).

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere649
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2024


  • convolutional neural network
  • dynamic prediction
  • landmark analysis
  • long short-term memory


Dive into the research topics of 'Deep learning models to predict primary open-angle glaucoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this