Decreased luminal membrane transport of phosphate in chronic renal failure

K. A. Hruska, S. Klahr, M. R. Hammerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To examine the effects of the hyperparathyroidism that accompanies chronic renal failure (CRF) on P(i) transport across the renal proximal tubular luminal membrane, brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) were prepared from the viable portion of the kidney of dogs with CRF or normal renal function. Initial rates of Na+ gradient dependent P(i) transport were decreased in BBMV from dogs with CRF compared with normal dogs. Initial rates of 22Na+ uptake in BBMV from dogs with CRF, however, were increased, suggesting a more rapid dissipation of the Na+ gradient in these vesicles. Initial rates of P(i) transport measured under Na+-equilibrated conditions were decreased in BBMV from dogs with CRF. Parathyroidectomy of dogs with CRF abolished this decrease in P(i) uptake. We conclude that the adaptations in P(i) excretion associated with CRF are accompanied by changes in Na+-dependent P(i) transport in BBMV and, therefore, possibly across the luminal membrane of the renal tubule. Moreover, the activity of this transport system can be altered by parathyroidectomy of dogs prior to isolation of BBMV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F17-F22
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Volume11
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

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