Decision aids for benign prostatic hyperplasia: Applicability across race and education

David R. Rovner, Celia E. Wills, Vence Bonham, Gilbert Williams, Janet Lillie, Karen Kelly-Blake, Mark V. Williams, Margaret Holmes-Rovner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Background/Method. Decision aids have not been widely tested in diverse audiences. The authors conducted interviews in a 2 × 2 race by education design with participants who were ≥50 years old (n = 188). The decision aid was a benign prostatic hyperplasia videotape. Results. There was an increase in knowledge equal in all groups, with baseline knowledge higher in whites. The decision stage increased in all groups and was equivalent in the marginal-illiterate subgroup (n = 0.15). Conclusion. Contrary to expectations, results show no difference by race or college education in knowledge gain or increase in reported readiness to decide. The video appeared to produce change across race and education. The end decision stage was high, especially in less educated men. Results suggest that decision aids may be effective without tailoring, as suggested previously to enhance health communication in diverse audiences. Research should test findings in representative samples and in clinical encounters and identify types of knowledge absorbed from decision aids and whether the shift to decision reflects datal knowledge or shared decision-making message.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-366
Number of pages8
JournalMedical Decision Making
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2004


  • Decision making
  • Decision support interventions
  • Health literacy
  • Race


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