De novo single exon deletion of AUTS2 in a patient with speech and language disorder: A review of disrupted AUTS2 and further evidence for its role in neurodevelopmental disorders

Ina E. Amarillo, Wenhui Laura Li, Xinmin Li, Eric Vilain, Sibel Kantarci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The autism susceptibility candidate 2 (AUTS2) gene is suggested to play a critical role in early brain development, and its association with intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorders, and other neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) has recently gained more attention. Genomic rearrangements and copy number variations (CNVs) involving AUTS2 have been implicated in a range of NDDs with or without congenital malformations and dysmorphic features. Here we report a 62kb de novo deletion encompassing exon 6 of AUTS2 detected by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) in a 4.5 year-old female patient with severe speech and language disorder, history of tonic-clonic movements, and pes planus with eversion of the feet. This is one of the smallest de novo intragenic deletions of AUTS2 described in patients with NDDs. We reviewed previously reported small pathogenic CNVs (<300kb) in 19 cases, and correlated their specific locations within AUTS2 as well as presence of enhancers, regulatory elements, and CpG islands with the clinical findings of these cases and our patient. Our report provides additional insight into the clinical spectrum of AUTS2 disruptions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)958-965
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume164
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • 7q11.22
  • AUTS2
  • Autism susceptibility candidate 2
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders

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