Data-Independent Acquisition for the Detection of Mononucleoside RNA Modifications by Mass Spectrometry

Kevin A. Janssen, Yixuan Xie, Marianne C. Kramer, Brian D. Gregory, Benjamin A. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


RNA is dynamically modified in cells by a plethora of chemical moieties to modulate molecular functions and processes. Over 140 modifications have been identified across species and RNA types, with the highest density and diversity of modifications found in tRNA (tRNA). The methods used to identify and quantify these modifications have developed over recent years and continue to advance, primarily in the fields of next-generation sequencing (NGS) and mass spectrometry (MS). Most current NGS methods are limited to antibody-recognized or chemically derivatized modifications and have limitations in identifying multiple modifications simultaneously. Mass spectrometry can overcome both of these issues, accurately identifying a large number of modifications in a single run. Here, we present advances in MS data acquisition for the purpose of RNA modification identification and quantitation. Using this approach, we identified multiple tRNA wobble position modifications in Arabidopsis thaliana that are upregulated in salt-stressed growth conditions and may stabilize translation of salt stress induced proteins. This work presents improvements in methods for studying RNA modifications and introduces a possible regulatory role of wobble position modifications in A. thaliana translation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-893
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 4 2022


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