Clinical acute lung injury (ALI) is a major cause of acute respiratory failure in critically ill patients. There is considerable experimental and clinical evidence that pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines play a major role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory-induced lung injury from sepsis, pneumonia, aspiration, and shock. A recent multi-center clinical trial found that a lung-protective ventilatory strategy reduces mortality by 22% in patients with ALI. Interestingly, this protective ventilatory strategy was associated with a marked reduction in the number of neutrophils and the concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines released into the airspaces of the injured lung. Further research is needed to establish the contribution of cytokines to both the pathogenesis and resolution of ALI.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews|
|State||Published - Dec 2003|
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Pulmonary edema