Lymphocyte migration into nerve allografts was measured to estimate the cyclosporine A (CsA) dose required to suppress rejection. Twelve outbred sheep received daily subcutaneous CsA at 0, 5, 10, or 15 mg/kg/day for 2 weeks prior to implantation of multiple heterotopic subcutaneous nerve grafts. Lymphocyte migration was determined after 7 days by an intravenous pulse of autologous 111indium-labeled lymphocytes and subsequent quantitation of gamma radioactivity in nerve tissue (CPM/g, mean ± SEM). Measurement by radioimmunoassay revealed a dose-dependent increase in blood cyclosporine levels. Lymphocyte migration into autografts (404 ± 44) was significantly less than migration into allografts (16,554 ± 2,049), in control animals (P < 0.01). A dose-dependent inhibition of lymphocyte migration into nerve allografts was observed with counts of 7,662 ± 1,692, 4,083 ± 1,112, and 1,561 ± 232 in sheep receiving 5, 10, or 15 mg/kg/day of CsA, respectively. Daily CsA administration produced effective blood levels and immunosuppression sufficient to inhibit lymphocyte migration into nerve allografts.
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 1996|