CXCR4 protein epitope mimetic antagonist POL5551 disrupts metastasis and enhances chemotherapy effect in triple-negative breast cancer

Jingyu Xiang, Michelle A. Hurchla, Francesca Fontana, Xinming Su, Sarah R. Amend, Alison K. Esser, Garry J. Douglas, Chidananda Mudalagiriyappa, Kathryn E. Luker, Timothy Pluard, Foluso O. Ademuyiwa, Barbara Romagnoli, Gérald Tuffin, Eric Chevalier, Gary D. Luker, Michael Bauer, Johann Zimmermann, Rebecca L. Aft, Klaus Dembowsky, Katherine N. Weilbaecher

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The SDF-1 receptor CXCR4 has been associated with early metastasis and poorer prognosis in breast cancers, especially the most aggressive triple-negative subtype. In line with previous reports, we found that tumoral CXCR4 expression in patients with locally advanced breast cancer was associated with increased metastases and rapid tumor progression. Moreover, high CXCR4 expression identified a group of bone marrow-disseminated tumor cells (DTC)-negative patients at high risk for metastasis and death. The protein epitope mimetic (PEM) POL5551, a novel CXCR4 antagonist, inhibited binding of SDF-1 to CXCR4, had no direct effects on tumor cell viability, but reduced migration of breast cancer cells in vitro. In two orthotopic models of triplenegative breast cancer, POL5551 had little inhibitory effect on primary tumor growth, but significantly reduced distantmetastasis. When combined with eribulin, a chemotherapeutic microtubule inhibitor, POL5551 additively reduced metastasis and prolonged survival inmice after resection of the primary tumor compared with single-agent eribulin. Hypothesizing that POL5551 may mobilize tumor cells from their microenvironment and sensitize them to chemotherapy, weused a "chemotherapy framing" dosing strategy. When administered shortly before and after eribulin treatment, three doses of POL5551 with eribulin reduced bone and liver tumor burden more effectively than chemotherapy alone. These data suggest that sequenced administration of CXCR4 antagonists with cytotoxic chemotherapy synergize to reduce distant metastases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2473-2485
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

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    Xiang, J., Hurchla, M. A., Fontana, F., Su, X., Amend, S. R., Esser, A. K., Douglas, G. J., Mudalagiriyappa, C., Luker, K. E., Pluard, T., Ademuyiwa, F. O., Romagnoli, B., Tuffin, G., Chevalier, E., Luker, G. D., Bauer, M., Zimmermann, J., Aft, R. L., Dembowsky, K., & Weilbaecher, K. N. (2015). CXCR4 protein epitope mimetic antagonist POL5551 disrupts metastasis and enhances chemotherapy effect in triple-negative breast cancer. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, 14(11), 2473-2485. https://doi.org/10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-15-0252