CXCL12 inhibits expression of the NMDA receptor's NR2B subunit through a histone deacetylasedependent pathway contributing to neuronal survival

J. Nicolai, S. Burbassi, J. Rubin, O. Meucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Homeostatic chemokines, such as CXCL12, can affect neuronal activity by the regulation of inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmission, but the mechanisms involved are still undefined. Our previous studies have shown that CXCL12 protects cortical neurons from excitotoxicity by promoting the function of the gene-repressor protein Rb, which is involved in the recruitment of chromatin modifiers (such as histone deacetylases (HDACs)) to gene promoters. In neurons, Rb controls activitydependent genes essential to neuronal plasticity and survival, such as the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor's subunit NR2B, the expression of which in the tetrameric ion channel largely affects calcium signaling by glutamate. In this study, we report that CXCL12 differentially modulates intracellular responses after stimulation of synaptic and extrasynaptic NMDA receptors, by a specific regulation of the NR2B gene that involves HDACs. Our results show that CXCL12 selectively inhibits NR2B expression in vitro and in vivo altering NMDA-induced calcium responses associated with neuronal death, while promoting prosurvival pathways that depend on stimulation of synaptic receptors. Along with previous studies, these findings underline the role of CXCL12/CXCR4 in the regulation of crucial components of glutamatergic transmission. These novel effects of CXCL12 may be involved in the physiological function of the chemokine in both developing and mature brains.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere33
JournalCell Death and Disease
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

Keywords

  • CXCR4
  • Calcium
  • Cell death
  • Chemokine
  • Neuron

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