Cutting edge: Paradigm revisited: Antibody provides resistance to Listeria infection

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Listeriolysin O (LLO) is a secreted pore-forming toxin of the facultative intracellular bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. We assessed the ability of a murine anti-LLO mAb to affect the course of infection in mice challenged with Listeria. This mAb was previously shown to be capable of neutralizing LLO-mediated pore formation in vitro, and here we show that the passive administration of this Ab to mice before infection provides increased resistance. Mice treated with the mAb were protected from a lethal challenge with virulent Listeria and showed a significant reduction in Listeria burden during the first hours to days postinfection. These effects of the Ab were independent of host B or T cells, since treatment with the mAb provided enhanced resistance to SCID mice. The titer of anti-LLO Abs during the regular infection of mice with Listeria was found to be low to negative.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4087-4090
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 20 1999

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