Cuba's aging and Alzheimer longitudinal study

Juan De Jesus Llibre-Rodriguez, Adolfo Valhuerdi-Cepero, Ana M. López-Medina, Lisseth Noriega-Fernández, Rutbeskia Porto-Álvarez, Milagros A. Guerra-Hernández, Rodolfo I. Bosch-Bayard, Tania Zayas-Llerena, Elaine Hernandez-Ulloa, Ana L. Rodríguez-Blanco, Enrique Salazar-Pérez, Juan C. Llibre-Guerra, Jorge J. Llibre-Guerra, Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aging and Alzheimer is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving 2944 adults aged ≥65 years from selected areas in Cuba's Havana and Matanzas Provinces. This door-to-door study, which began in 2003, includes periodic assessments of the cohort based on an interview; physical exam; anthropometric measurements; and diagnosis of dementia and its subtypes, other mental disorders, and other chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Information was gathered on sociodemographic characteristics; disability, dependency and frailty; use of health services; and characteristics of care and caregiver burden. The first assessment also included blood tests: complete blood count, blood glucose, kidney and liver function, lipid profile and ApoE4 genotype (a susceptibility marker). In 2007-2011, the second assessment was done of 2010 study subjects aged ≥65 years who were still alive. The study provides data on prevalence and incidence of dementia and its risk factors, and of related conditions that affect the health of older adults. It also contributes valuable experiences from field work and interactions with older adults and their families. Building on lessons learned, a third assessment to be done in 2016-2018 will incorporate a community intervention strategy to respond to diseases and conditions that predispose to dementia, frailty and dependency in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-35
Number of pages5
JournalMEDICC Review
Volume19
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Alzheimer disease
  • Chronic disease
  • Chronic illness
  • Cohort studies
  • Cuba
  • Dementia
  • Dependency
  • Frailty

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