CT dose optimization in pediatric radiology: A multiyear effort to preserve the benefits of imaging while reducing the risks

Taylor J. Greenwood, Rodrigo I. Lopez-Costa, Patrick D. Rhoades, Juan C. Ramírez-Giraldo, Matthew Starr, Mandie Street, James Duncan, Robert C. McKinstry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The marked increase in radiation exposure from medical imaging, especially in children, has caused considerable alarm and spurred efforts to preserve the benefits but reduce the risks of imaging. Applying the principles of the Image Gently campaign, data-driven process and quality improvement techniques such as process mapping and flowcharting, cause-and-effect diagrams, Pareto analysis, statistical process control (control charts), failure mode and effects analysis, “lean” or Six Sigma methodology, and closed feedback loops led to a multiyear program that has reduced overall computed tomographic (CT) examination volume by more than fourfold and concurrently decreased radiation exposure per CT study without compromising diagnostic utility. This systematic approach involving education, streamlining access to magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography, auditing with comparison with benchmarks, applying modern CT technology, and revising CT protocols has led to a more than twofold reduction in CT radiation exposure between 2005 and 2012 for patients at the authors’ institution while maintaining diagnostic utility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1539-1554
Number of pages16
JournalRadiographics
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

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