Despite improvement in treatment options for myeloma patients, including targeted immunotherapies, multiple myeloma remains a mostly incurable malignancy. High CS1 (SLAMF7) expression on myeloma cells and limited expression on normal cells makes it a promising target for CAR-T therapy. The CS1 protein has two extracellular domains – the distal Variable (V) domain and the proximal Constant 2 (C2) domain. We generated and tested CS1-CAR-T targeting the V domain of CS1 (Luc90-CS1-CAR-T) and demonstrated anti-myeloma killing in vitro and in vivo using two mouse models. Since fratricide of CD8 + cells occurred during production, we generated fratricide resistant CS1 deficient Luc90- CS1- CAR-T (ΔCS1-Luc90- CS1- CAR-T). This led to protection of CD8 + cells in the CAR-T cultures, but had no impact on efficacy. Our data demonstrate targeting the distal V domain of CS1 could be an effective CAR-T treatment for myeloma patients and deletion of CS1 in clinical production did not provide an added benefit using in vivo immunodeficient NSG preclinical models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1625-1634
Number of pages10
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022


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