Background: Initial reports have shown cryoablation to be safe and efficacious for treatment of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). No direct comparisons of cryoablation vs radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation in pediatric patients have been made. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of cryothermal vs RF catheter ablation for treatment of AVNRT in pediatric patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive ablation procedures for treatment of AVNRT at a single arrhythmia center. The RF group consisted of patients who underwent RF ablation from 2002 until cryothermy became available. The cryoablation group consisted of patients who underwent cryothermal ablation from 2004 to 2005. The groups were compared for procedural and electrophysiologic outcomes. Results: RF (n = 60, age 14 ± 4 years) and cryoablation (n = 57, age 14 ± 4 years) groups had similar demographic and baseline parameters. Procedural times were shorter in the RF group (RF ablation 112 ± 31 minutes vs cryoablation 148 ± 46 minutes, P <.001). Fluoroscopy times were comparable (RF ablation 21 ± 15 minutes vs cryoablation 20 ± 13 minutes, P = .77). In an intention-to-treat analysis, success of the procedure was 100% for RF ablation and 95% for cryoablation (P = .11). No permanent AV block occurred in either group. Recurrence rates were higher for the cryoablation group, but this did not reach statistical significance (RF ablation 2% vs cryoablation 8%, P = .19). Conclusion: Cryoablation appears to be similar to RF for ablation of AVNRT with respect to short-term efficacy and safety of the procedure in a pediatric population. Recurrence rates are higher with cryoablation.
- Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia
- Catheter ablation