Creation of a genetic system for analysis of the phagocyte respiratory burst: High-level reconstitution of the NADPH oxidase in a nonhematopoietic system

Marianne O. Price, Linda C. McPhail, J. David Lambeth, Chang Hoon Han, Ulla G. Knaus, Mary C. Dinauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

The phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (reduced form) (NADPH) oxidase was functionally reconstituted in monkey kidney COS-7 cells by transfection of essential subunits, gp91phox, p22phox, p47phox, and p67phox. COS-7 cells express the essential small guanosine 5′-triphosphatase Rac1. Transgenic COS-phox cells were capable of arachidonic acid-induced NADPH oxidase activity up to 80% of that of human neutrophils, and of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-induced activity up to 20% of that of neutrophils. Expression of all 4 phox components was required for enzyme activity, enzyme activation was associated with membrane translocation of p47phox, p67phox, and Rac1. Expression of p47phox Ser303Ala/Ser304Ala or Ser379Ala phosphorylation-deficient mutants resulted in significantly impaired NAPDH oxidase activity, compared with expression of wild-type p47phox or the p47phox Ser303Glu/Ser304Glu phosphorylation mimic, suggesting that p47phox phosphorylation contributes to enzyme activity in the COS system, as is the case in neutrophils. Hence, COS-phox cells should be useful as a new whole-cell model that is both capable of high-level superoxide production and readily amenable to genetic manipulation for investigation of NADPH oxidase function. PMA-elicited superoxide production in COSphox cells was regulated by activation of protein kinase C (PKC) and Rac. Although COS-7 cells differ from human neutrophils in PKC isoform expression, transient expression of major neutrophil isoforms in COS-phox cells did not increase PMA-induced superoxide production, suggesting that endogenous isoforms were not rate limiting. Val204 in p67phox previously shown to be required for NADPH oxidase activity under cell-free conditions, was found to be essential for superoxide production by intact COS-phox cells, on the basis of transfection studies using a p67phox (Val204Ala) mutant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2653-2661
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume99
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2002

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