Summary: A time-varying pattern of creatine kinase MM (CK-MM) isoenzyme subforms has been found in the blood of patients after acute myocardial infarction, but the site of enzyme modification has not been identified. Therefore, we studied the CK-MM subform patterns in myocardium, cardiac lymph and blood of dogs after coronary artery occlusion. In five conscious dogs, serial blood samples were taken for 72 h after occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Samples of non-infarcted and infarcted myocardium were taken after 72 h. In five other anaesthetised, open-chest dogs, cardiac lymph and blood samples were taken for 6 h after coronary artery occlusion. CK-MM subforms were quantitated by an isoelectric focusing method. Before coronary occlusion, 64% of the total CK activity in blood appeared as the anodal subform CK-MM 1 (pI 6.3); 20% and 9% as the cathodal subforms CK-MM 2 (pI 6.6) and CK-MM 3 (pI 6.9), respectively. However, after 2 h of coronary occlusion CK-MM 2 and CK-MM 3 were increased (38% and 17% of total activity respectively) compared with CK-MM 1. Between 4 h and 10 h, CK-MM 2 and CK-MM 3 decreased as CK-MM 1 increased restoring the control relative activities of subforms. In contrast to the subform changes in blood, CK-MM 3 was the predominant subform in both non-infarcted and infarcted myocardium after 72 h of coronary occlusion and in cardiac lymph during 6 h of coronary occlusion. Thus, the changing pattern of subforms in blood resulted from conversion of the dominant myocardial subform, CK-MM 3, to other subforms, but not until the enzyme reached the blood. Since the modification of CK-MM was intravascular, we conclude that the pattern of CK-MM subforms in blood may be useful to predict the time of onset of enzyme release from myocardium.
- Acute myocardial infarction
- Creatine kinase isoenzymes
- Post-translational enzyme modification