COVID-19 and Light Chain Amyloidosis, Adding Insult to Injury

Zachary D. Crees, Keith Stockerl-Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Light chain (AL) amyloidosis is a potentially fatal disease of monoclonal plasma cells that leads to accumulation of light chain amyloid fibrils, organ damage, and the manifestations of clinical disease. Meanwhile, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 virus, with the potential to cause severe systemic illness and death. There is significant overlap in the demographics and comorbidities observed in AL amyloidosis and those associated with highest risk for severe morbidity and mortality due to COVID-19. This overlap creates unique challenges in caring for patients with AL amyloidosis, which are further compounded by the immunosuppressive nature of anti-plasma cell therapies, the need for frequent clinical assessments, and the exclusion of AL amyloidosis patients from initial COVID-19 vaccine trials. Herein, we highlight many of the relevant concerns related to COVID-19 and the treatment of AL amyloidosis, summarize a general approach for AL amyloidosis management amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, and discuss current guidance about COVID-19 vaccination of patients with AL amyloidosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S49-S52
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume135
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • AL amyloidosis
  • COVID vaccination
  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2

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