Purpose of Review: To summarize and update information on the course of tic disorders from childhood through later life. Recent Findings: Tics tend to improve substantially over the first year after they appear. However, contrary to widespread opinion, tics usually last longer than 1 year, though usually at minimal severity. Tics often wane to clinical insignificance over the teen years, possibly resurging occasionally over the lifespan. However, in an important minority of patients, tics remain clinically relevant throughout life. Tics rarely first come to clinical attention later in adulthood, but new reports describe additional such cases. Summary: Recent publications have shown tics to persist past a few months more often than previously thought, though often at minimal severity, and recurrence after an asymptomatic period is common. The safety and efficacy of behavior therapy for tics, together with prospective indicators of early prognosis, make feasible the possibility of bettering the lifetime course of tic disorders with early intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-132
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Developmental Disorders Reports
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Adult
  • Outcome
  • Prognosis
  • Provisional tic disorder
  • Recurrence
  • Spontaneous remission
  • Tic disorders
  • Tourette syndrome


Dive into the research topics of 'Course of Tic Disorders Over the Lifespan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this