We examined the role of accessory cell-derived signals in promoting growth and lymphokine production by murine Th1 clones. Five of six Th1 clones failed to proliferate to immobilized anti-CD3 antibody despite producing IL-2 and IFN-γ These clones became unresponsive to Ag after exposure to anti-CD3. With the addition of irradiated splenic accessory cells (SAC), Th1 clones proliferated to anti-CD3 and produced greater amounts of IL-2 and IFN-γ. High doses of plate-bound anti-CD3 completely inhibited responses of these clones to IL-2 and diminished the growth-promoting activity of SAC. The costimulatory effects of SAC on growth of Th1 clones were also seen in the presence of exogenous IL-2, indicating that enhanced IL-2 production alone was not responsible for the costimulatory effect. Delivery of the costimulatory signal from SAC required their close proximity to the T cells. The costimulatory activity of SAC was not reproduced by the addition of IL-1, IL-6, or IL-1 plus IL-6. IL-7 induced weak proliferation of Th1 clones, but did not synergize with plate-bound anti-CD3. Our results suggest a model in which SAC-derived costimulatory signals regulate growth of Th1 cells primarily at the level of cell cycle progression rather than at the level of IL-2 production.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jul 1 1990|