Cost comparison of different treatment approaches of dacryocystitis and dacrocystocele

Erin G. Sieck, Leonid Zukin, Jennifer L. Patnaik, Anne M. Lynch, Peggy Kelley, Jasleen K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Congenital dacrocystocele with potential for dacryocystitis are common ophthalmic findings in children. There are multiple surgical approaches to open the mucocele. In this study, we look at the financial impact of these different approaches. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 17 patients with dacrocystocele or dacryocystitis was performed. We examined four approaches: (1) bedside nasal endoscopy with marsupialization of nasolacrimal duct (NLD) cyst, (2) surgically performed nasal endoscopy with marsupialization of NLD cyst, (3) NLD probe, and (4) a combination of procedures. Cost of the procedure and length of anesthesia were collected. Reoccurrence of symptoms and disease post-procedure were also collected. Results: The lowest cost billed procedure was bedside nasal endoscopy performed by an otolaryngologist (US$435; n = 1). A nasal endoscopy (n = 2) performed in the operating room (OR) had an average OR fee of US$14,557 [standard deviation (SD): US$7598] for 108.5 (SD: 87.0) min of operating time. An NLD probe (n = 5) performed by pediatric ophthalmologists resulted in an average OR fee of US$5540 (SD: US$1752) for 31.0 min (SD: 8.6 min) of operating time. A combination of both nasal endoscopy and NLD probing (n = 9) had an average OR fee US$10,325 (SD: US$4137) for 69 min (SD: 34.5 min) of operating time. Conclusion: This is the first study looking at cost benefit of four different approaches to treating dacrocystoceles/dacryocystitis. A NLD probe was a low-cost OR intervention and had the shortest operating time. The combination procedure was more cost-effective than nasal endoscopy or NLD probing alone.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Ophthalmology
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • cost-effectivity
  • dacryocele
  • dacryocystitis


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