Previously, we reported that the stress associated with chronic isolation was associated with increased β-amyloid (Aβ) plaque deposition and memory deficits in the Tg2576 transgenic animal model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) [Dong H, Goico B, Martin M, Csernansky CA, Bertchume A, Csernansky JG (2004) Effects of isolation stress on hippocampal neurogenesis, memory, and amyloid plaque deposition in APP (Tg2576) mutant mice. Neuroscience 127:601-609]. In this study, we investigated the potential mechanisms of stress-accelerated Aβ plaque deposition in this Tg2576 mice by examining the relationship between plasma corticosterone levels, expression of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and corticotropin-releasing factor receptor-1 (CRFR1) in the brain, brain tissue Aβ levels and Aβ plaque deposition during isolation or group housing from weaning (i.e. 3 weeks of age) until 27 weeks of age. We found that isolation housing significantly increased plasma corticosterone levels as compared with group-housing in both Tg+ mice (which contain and overexpress human amyloid precursor protein (hAPP) gene) and Tg- mice (which do not contain hAPP gene as control). Also, isolated, but not group-housed animals showed increases in the expression of GR in the cortex. Furthermore, the expression of CRFR1 was increased in isolated Tg+ mice, but decreased in isolated Tg- mice in both cortex and hippocampus. Changes in the components of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis were accompanied by increases in brain tissue Aβ levels and Aβ plaque deposition in the hippocampus and overlying cortex in isolated Tg+ mice. These results suggest that isolation stress increases corticosterone levels and GR and CRFR1 expression in conjunction with increases in brain tissue Aβ levels and Aβ plaque deposition in the Tg2576 mouse model of AD.
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Jul 31 2008|
- Alzheimer's disease
- corticotropin-releasing factor receptor-1
- glucocorticoid receptor